: Eth. Μυριναῖος
), one of the Aeolian cities on the western coast of Mysia, about 40 stadia to the south-west of Gryneium. (Hdt. 1.149
It is said to have been founded by one Myrinus before the other Aeolian cities (Mela, 1.18), or by the Amazon Myrina (Strab. xi. p.505
, xii. p. 573, xiii. p. 623; Diod. 3.54
). Artaxerxes gave Gryneium and Myrina to Gongylus, an Eretrian, who had been banished from his native city for favouring the interests of Persia. (Xenoph. Hellen.
3.1.4.) Myrina was a very strong place (Liv. 33.30
), though not very large, and had a good harbour. (Scylax, p. 36
; Agath. Praef.
p. 9, ed. Bonn.) Pliny (5.32
) mentions that it bore the surname of Sebastopolis; while, according to Syncellus, it was also called Smyrna. For some time Myrina was occupied by Philip of Macedonia; but the Romans compelled him to evacuate it, and declared the place free. (Liv. l. c,; Plb. 18.27
It was twice visited by severe earthquakes; first in the reign of Tiberius (Tac. Ann. 2.47
), on which occasion it received a remission of duties on account of the loss it had sustained; and a second time in the reign of Trajan (Oros. 7.12
The town was restored each time, and continued to exist until a late period. (Steph. Byz. s.v. Ptol. 5.2.6
; Apollon. 1.604
; Hierocl. p. 661; Geogr. Ray. 5.9, where it is called Myrenna, while in the Pent. Tab.
it bears the name Marinna.) Its site is believed to be occupied by the modern Sandarlik.
|COIN OF MYRINA.|