previous next


NIPHA´TES ( Νιφάτης, Strab. xi. pp. 522, 523, 527, 529; Ptol. 5.13.4, 6.1.1; Mela, 1.15.2; Plin. Nat. 5.27; Amm. Marc. 23.6.13; Virg. Geog. 3.30; Horat. Carm. 2.9. 20: the later Roman poets, by a curious mistake, made Niphates a river; comp. Lucan 3.245; Sil. Ital. 13.775; Juv. 6.409), the “snowy range” of Armenia, called by the native writers Nebad or Nbadagan (St. Martin, Mém. sur l'Armenie, vol. i. p. 49). Taurus, stretching E. of Commagene (Aïn Táb) separates Sophene (Kharput Dawassi), which is contained between Taurus and Anti-Taurus (Strab. xi. p.521), from Osroene (Urfah), and then divides itself into three portions. The most northerly, and highest, are the Niphates (Así Kúr) in Acilisene. [p. 2.440] The structure of this elevated chain, consisting of the lofty groups of Sir Serah, the peaked glacier of Mut Khán, the Alí Tágh, Sapán, Nimrúd, and Darkish, Tághs, which are probably the highest range of Taurus, rising above the line of perpetual snow (10,000 feet ?), remains yet undetermined. Limestone and gypsum prevail, with basalt and other volcanic rocks. Deep valleys separate the parallel ridges, and also break their continuity by occasional passes from the N. to the S. sides. (Ainsworth, Assyria, Babylonia, and Chaldaea, p. 18; Chesney, Exped. Euphrat. vol i. p. 69; Ritter, Erdkunde, vol. x. p. 911.)

[E. B. J.]

hide References (3 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (3):
    • Lucan, Civil War, 3.245
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 5.27
    • Ammianus Marcellinus, Rerum Gestarum, 23.6.13
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: