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OETYLUS (Οἴτυλος, Hom., Paus., Steph. B. sub voce Βείτυλος, Böckh, Inscr. no. 1323; Βίτυλα, Ptol. 3.16.22; Οἴτυλοσ--καλεῖται δ᾽ ὑπό τινων Βείτυλος, Strab. viii. p.360, corrected in accordance with the inscription), a town of Laconia on the eastern side [p. 2.470]of the Messenian gulf, represented by the modern town of Vítylo, which has borrowed its name from it. Pausanias says that it was 80 stadia from Thalamae and 150 from Messa; the latter distance is too great, but there is no doubt of the identity of Oetylus and Vítylo; and it appears that Pausanias made a mistake in the names, as the distance between Oetylus and Caenepolis is 150 stadia. Oetylus is mentioned by Homer, and was at a later time one of the Eleuthero-Laconian towns. It was still governed by its ephors in the third century of the Christian era. Pausanias saw at Oetylus a temple of Sarapis, and a wooden statue of Apollo Carneius in the agora. Among the modern houses of Vítylo there are remains of Hellenic walls, and in the church a beautiful fluted Ionic column supporting a beam at one end of the aisle, and three or four Ionic capitals in the wall of the church, probably the remains of the temple of Sarapis. (Hom. Il. 2.585; Strab. viii. p.360; Paus. 3.21.7, 25.10, 26.1; Steph. B. sub voce Ptol. l.c.; Böckh, l.c.; Morritt, in Walpole's Turkey, p. 54; Leake, Morea, vol. i. p. 313; Boblaye, Récherches, &c. p. 92; Curtius, Peloponnesos, vol. ii. p. 283.)

hide References (4 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (4):
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 3.21.7
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 3.25.10
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 3.26.1
    • Homer, Iliad, 2.585
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