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Eth. OMBRO´NES (Ὄμβρωνες, Ptol. 3.5.21), a people of European Sarmatia, whose seat appears to have been on the flanks of the Carpathians, about the sources of the Vistula. Schafarik (Slav. Alt. vol. i. pp. 389--391, 407) considers them to be a Celtic people, grounding his arguments mainly upon the identity of their name with that of the Celtic--as he considers them to be--Umbrians, or the most ancient inhabitants of the Italian peninsula. Recent inquiry has thrown considerable doubt upon the derivation of the Umbrians from a Gaulish stock. [ITALIA p. 86b.] This is one proof, among others, of the futility of the use of names of nations in historical investigations; but, as there can be no doubt that there were Gallic settlements beyond the Carpathians, names of these foreign hordes might still linger in the countries they had once occupied long after their return westward in consequence of the movement of nations from the East.


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    • Claudius Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos, 3.5
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