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PANGAEUM, PANGAEUS (τὸ Πάγγαιον or Παγγαῖον ὄρος, Πάγγαιος, Hdt. 5.16, 7.112, 113; Thuc. 2.99; Aesch. Pers. 494; Pind. Pyth. 4.320; Eurip. Rhes. 922, 972; D. C. 47.35; Appian, App. BC 4.87, 106; Plin. Nat. 4.18; Virg. Georg. 4.462; Lucan 1.679), the great mountain of Macedonia, which, under the modern name of Pirndri, stretching to the E. from the left bank of the Strymon at the pass of Amphipolis, bounds all the eastern portion of the great Strymonic basin on the S., and near Právista meets the ridges which enclose the same basin on the E. Pangaeume produced gold as well as silver (Hdt. 7.112; Appian, App. BC 4.106); and its slopes were covered in summer with the Rosa centifolia. (Plin. Nat. 21.10; Theoph. H. P. 6.6; Athen. 15.682.) The mines were chiefly in the hands of the Thasians; the other peoples who, according to Herodotus (l.c.), worked Pangaeum, were the Pieres and Odomanti, but particularly the Satrae, who bordered on the mountain. None of their money has reached us; but to the Pangaean silver mines may be traced a large coin of Geta, king of the Edones. [EDONES] (Leake, Northern Greece, vol. iii. pp. 176, 190, 212.)


hide References (10 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (10):
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.113
    • Herodotus, Histories, 5.16
    • Herodotus, Histories, 7.112
    • Appian, Civil Wars, 4.11.87
    • Appian, Civil Wars, 4.13.106
    • Thucydides, Histories, 2.99
    • Lucan, Civil War, 1.679
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 21.10
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 4.18
    • Athenaeus, of Naucratis, Deipnosophistae, 15
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