: Eth. Πελλαῖος
A city of Palestine, and one of the towns of Decapolis in the Peraea, being the most northerly place in the latter district. (Plin. Nat. 5.18. s. 16
; Joseph. B. J.
3.3.3.) Stephanus B. (s. v.) calls it a city of Coele-Syria and Ptolemy (5.15.23
) also describes it as a city of Decapolis in Coele-Syria. Stephanus adds that it was also called Butis (ἡ Βοῦτις
), which appellation seems to be preserved in its modern name El-Budsche.
Its name Pella shows that it was either built or colonised by the Macedonians. Pliny describes it as abounding in springs ( “aquis divitem,” Plin. l.c.
It was taken by Antiochus the Great (Plb. 5.70
), and was afterwards destroyed by Alexander Jannaeus, because its inhabitants would not accept the Jewish religion (J. AJ 13.15
(23). § 3, B.J.
1.4.8); but it was afterwards restored by Pompey. (J. AJ 14.4
(7). § 4.) Pella was the place to which the Christians of Jerusalem fled before the destruction of the latter city. (Euseb. Hist. Eccl. 3.5
; Epiphan. de Mens. et Ponder.
p. 171; Reland, Palaestina,
A town of Syria, on the Orontes, better known under the name of Apamreia. [APAMEIA