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PHOLEGANDROS (Φολέγανδρος, Strab. x. p.484, seq.; Steph. B. sub voce Φολέκανδρος or Φελόκανδρος, Ptol. 3.15.31: Eth.Φολεγάνδριος, Eth. Φολεγανδρῖνος: Polykandro), an island in the Aegaean sea, and one of the smaller of the Cyclades, lying between Melos and Sicinos. It was said to have derived its name from a son of Minos. (Steph. B. sub voce It was called the iron Pholegandros by Aratus, on account of its ruggedness, but it is more fertile and better cultivated than this epithet would lead one to suppose. The modern town stands upon the site of the ancient city, of which there are only a few remains, upon the northern side of the island. (Ross, Reisen auf den Griech. Inseln, vol. i. p. 146.)

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