, Paus. et alii; Φρίξαι
, Hdt. 4.148
: Eth. Φριξαῖος
), a town of Triphylia in Elis, situated upon the left bank of the Alpheius, at the distance of 30 stadia from Olympia. (Strab. viii. p.343
; Steph. B. sub voce
It was founded by the Minyae (Herod. l.c.
), and its name was derived from Phaestus. (Steph. B. sub voce Μάκιστος.
) Phrixa is rarely mentioned in history; but it shared the fate of the other Triphylian cities. (Comp. Xen. Hell. 3.2. 30
; Plb. 4.77
.) Its position is determined by Pausanias, who says that it was situated upon a pointed hill, opposite the Leucanias, a tributary of the Alpheius, and at a ford of the latter river. (Paus. 6.21.6
This pointed hill is now called Paleofánaro,
and is a conspicuous object from both sides of the river, whence the city received the name of Phaestus in later times. (Steph. B. sub voce s. v Φαιστός.
) The city was in ruins in the time of Pausanias, who mentions there a temple of Athena Cydonia. Upon the summit of the hill there are still remains of Hellenic walls. (Leake, Morea,
vol. ii. p. 210; Boblaye, Récherches &c.
p. 136; Ross, Reisen im Peloponnes,
p. 108; Curtius, Peloponnesos,
vol. ii. p. 90.)