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THU´RIA (Θουρία: Eth. Θουριάτης), a town of Messenia, situated in the eastern part of the southern Messenian plain, upon the river Aris (Pídhima), and at the distance of 80 stadia from Pharae, which was about a mile from the coast (Paus. 4.31.1). It was generally identified with the Homeric Antheia, though others supposed it to be Aepeia. (Paus. l.c.; Strab. viii. p.360.) It must have been a place of considerable importance, since the distant Messenian gulf was even named after it ( Θουριάτης κόλπος, Strab. l.c.). It was also one of the chief towns of the Lacedaemonian Perioeci after the subjugation of Messenia; and it was here that the Third Messenian War took its rise, B.C. 464 (Thuc. 1.101). On the restoration of the Messenians by Epaminondas,Thuria, like the other towns in the country, was dependent upon the newly-founded capital Messene; but after the capture of this city by the Achaeans in B.C. 182, Thuria, Pharae, and Abia joined the Achaean League as independent members. (Plb. 25.1.) Thuria was annexed to Laconia by Augustus (Paus. l.c.); but it was restored to Messenia by Tiberius. [MESSENIA p. 345a.] Pausanias found two cities of this name. The Thuriatae had descended from the summit of the lofty hill of the upper city to dwell upon the plain; but without abandoning altogether the upper city, where a temple of the Syrian goddess still stood within the town walls (Paus. 4.31.2). There are considerable remains of both places. Those of Upper Thuria are on the hill of the village called Paleókastro, divided from the range of mountains named Makryplái by a deep ravine and torrent, and which commands a fine view of the plain and gulf. The remains of the walls extend half a mile along the summit of the hill. Nearly in the centre of the ruins is a quadrangular cistern, 10 or 12 feet deep, cut out of the rock at one end, and on the other side constructed of masonry. The cistern was divided into three parts by two cross walls. Its whole length is 29 paces; the breadth half as much. On the highest part of the ridge there are numerous ruins, among which are those of a small Doric temple, of a hard brown calcareous stone, in which are cockle and muscle shells, extremely perfect. In the plain at Paleá Lutra are the ruins of a large Roman building, standing in the middle of fig and mulberry grounds. Leake observes that “it is in an uncommon state of preservation, part even of the roof still remaining. The walls are 17 feet high, formed of equal courses of Roman tiles and mortar. The roof is of rubble mixed with cement. The plan does not seem to be that of a bath only, as the name would imply, though there are many appearances of the building having contained baths: it seems rather to have been the palace of some Roman [p. 2.1192]governor. As there are no sources of water here, it is to be supposed that the building was supplied by an aqueduct from the neighbouring river of Pídhima.” (Leake, Morea, vol. i. pp. 354, seq. 360; Boblaye, Recherches, &c. p. 105; Ross, Reisen im Peloponnes, p. 2; Curtius, Peloponnesos, vol. ii. p. 161.)

hide References (4 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (4):
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 4.31.1
    • Pausanias, Description of Greece, 4.31.2
    • Thucydides, Histories, 1.101
    • Polybius, Histories, 25.1
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