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Eth. TUNGRI (Eth. Τοῦγγροι), are placed by Ptolemy (2.9.9) east of the Tabullas river, and their chief place is Atuacutum, which is Aduatuca or Tongern [ADUATICA]. Tacitus (German. 100.2) says. “Those who first crossed the Rhine and expelled the Galli, are now called Tungri, but were then named Germani.” Tacitus speaks of the Tungri in two other passages (Hist. 4.55, 79); and in one of them he appears to place the Tungri next to the Nervii. The name of the Eburones, whom Caesar attempted to annihilate [EBURONES], disappears in the later geography, and the Tungri take their place. (Plin. Nat. 4.31.) D'Anville observes (Notice, &c.) that the name of the Tungri extended over a large tract of country, and comprehended several peoples; for in the Notit. of the Provinces of Gallia, the Tungri divide with the Agrippinenses all Germania Secunda; and there is some evidence that the bishops of Tongern had once a territory which bordered on that of Reims.

Ammianus (15.11) gives the name of the people, Tungri, to one of the chief cities of Germania Secunda; the other is Agrippina (Cologne). This shows that Tongern under the later Empire was a large place. Many Roman remains have been dug up there; and it is said that the old Roman road may still be traced through the town.


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  • Cross-references from this page (2):
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 4.31
    • Claudius Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos, 2.9
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