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Eth. VACCAEI (Eth. Οὐακκαῖοι, Ptol. 2.6.50), an important people in the interior of Hispania Tarraconensis, bounded on the W. by the Astures, on the N. by the Cantabri, on the E. by the Celtiberi (to whom Appian, App. Hisp. 51, attributes them), and on the S. by the Vettones and the river Durius. Hence their district may be considered as marked by the modern towns of Zamora, Toro, Palencia, Burgos, and Valladolid. Their chief cities were Pallantia (Palencia) and Intercatia. According to Diodorus (5.34) they yearly divided their land for tillage among themselves, and regarded the produce as common property, so that whoever kept back any part for himself was capitally punished. (Cf. Liv. 30.7, 40.47; Plb. 3.14; Strab. iii. pp. 152, 162; Plin. Nat. 3.3. s. 4; Plut. Sert. 21.)


hide References (8 total)
  • Cross-references from this page (8):
    • Appian, Wars in Spain, 9.51
    • Polybius, Histories, 3.14
    • Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia, 3.3
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 30, 7
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 40, 47
    • Plutarch, Sertorius, 21
    • Diodorus, Historical Library, 5.34
    • Claudius Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos, 2.6
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