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CA´RCINA

CA´RCINA (Κάρκινα, Ptol. 3.5.27), CARCINE [p. 1.516]Plin. Nat. 4.12. s. 26), CARCINI´TIS (Καρκινῖτις, Hdt. 4.55, 99; Hecat. ap. Steph. B. sub voce s. v.: Eth. Καρκινῖται), a city of Sarmatia Europaea (or Scythia, according to Herodotus), near the mouth of the river Hypacyris (Hdt. 4.55), or, as later writers name the river, Carcinites (Καρκινίτης, Strab. vii. p.307; Ptol. 3.5. § § 8, 9; Plin. 1. c.) This river fell into the gulf of the same name (Καρκινίτης κόλπος, Strab. l.c.; Mela, 2.1.40; Plin. 1. c.; Marcian. p. 55; Anon. Per. pp. 7, 9; formerly called Ταμυράκης κόλπος: Gulf of Perekop), which lies on the W. side of the isthmus of the Chersonesus Taurica (Crimea). The river was regarded as the boundary between the “Old Scythia” of Herodotus (4.99) and Taurica (comp. Plin. l.c., who calls the country W. of the river Scythia Sendica). The river is generally supposed to be the small stream of Kalantchak. The site of the city cannot be determined with any certainty. (Eichwald, Geogr. d. Kasp. Meer. p. 305; Ukert, vol. iii. pt. ii. pp. 164,193, 438,458.)

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