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CARDAMYLE

CARDAMYLE (Καρδαμύλη: Eth. Καρδαμυλίτης), a town of Messenia, and one of the seven places offered by Agamemnon to Achilles. Il. 9.150, 292.) It was situated on a strong rocky height at the distance of seven stadia from the sea, and sixty from Leuctra. (Paus. 3.26.7; Strab. viii. p.360, seq.) It is called a Laconian town by Herodotus (8.73), since the whole of Messenia was included in the territories of Laconia at the time of the historian. It again became a town of Messenia on the restoration of the independence of the latter; but it was finally separated from Messenia by Augustus, and annexed to Laconia. (Paus. l.c.) Pausanias mentions at Cardamyle sanctuaries of Athena and of Apollo Carneius; and in the neighbourhood of the town a temenus of the Nereids. There are considerable ruins of the town to the NE. of the modern Skardhamúla, at the distance of 1300 (French) metres from the sea. (Comp. Plin. Nat. 4.5. s. 8; Ptol. 3.16.22; Steph. B. sub voce Leake, Morea, vol. i. p. 329, seq.; Boblaye, Recherches, p. 93.)

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