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MA´RGANA or MA´RGALAE (Μάργανα, Diod.; Μαργανεῖς, Xen.; Μαργάλαι, Strab.; Μάργαια, Steph. B. sub voce a town in the Pisatis, in the district Amphidolia, was supposed by some to be the Homeric Aepy. (Strab. viii. p.349.) The Eleians were obliged to renounce their supremacy over it by the treaty which they made with Sparta in B.C. 400 (Xen. Hell. 3.2. 30), on which occasion it is called one of the Triphylian towns: as to this statement, see LETRINI It is mentioned as one of the towns taken by the Arcadians in their war with the Eleians in B.C. 366. (Xen. Hell. 7.4. 14; Diod. 15.77.) Its site is uncertain, but it was probably east of Letrini. Leake places it too far north, at the junction of the Ladon and the Peneius, which is in all probability the site of the Eleian Pylos. (Leake, Peloponnesiaca, p. 219; Boblaye, Récherches, &c. p. 130; Curtius, Peloponnesos, vol. i. p. 73.) [p. 2.274]

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