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The Concord of Number is violated in the Old Latin phrases praesente nobis, e.g. Amph. 400, absente nobis, e.g. Ter. Eun. 649, the Ablative Singular praesente, absente having apparently become a stereotyped form, much as qui, Ablative, or rather Instrumental, Singular of the Relative Pronoun (3rd Declension) became a stereotyped ‘whereby,’ e.g. We have often a Singular Verb with two Subjects, e.g. and occasionally in Old Latin we get a Plural Verb with A cum B,’ e.g. Ter. Heaut. 473Syrus cum illo vostro consusurrant” (cf. Cato Orat. 51si sponsionem fecissent Gellius cum Turio”, Claud. Quadrig. 85 “sagittarius cum funditore utrimque summo studio spargunt fortissime”), a construction with which we may connect a line like Most. 560sed Philolachetis servom eccum Tranim, qui mihi neque faenus neque sortem argenti danunt” (cf. Amph. 731cur igitur praedicas te heri me vidisse, qui hac noctu in portum advecti sumus?”). Slightly irregular too is Naev. trag. 40 “egone an ille iniurie facimus?

A Plural Verb is common not only with

but also with quisquam, e.g. and very often with aliquis in commands like aperite aliquis Merc. 131, etc., “exite huc aliquisEpid. 399, Accius 425 “Oeneum aliquis cette in conspectum.

And a collective Noun like pars often takes a Plural Verb, e.g.

Est = Fr. ‘il y a’ is suggested by Pers. 137sicut istic leno non sex menses Megaribas huc est quom commigravit”, but menses is Accusative, as we see from Aul. prol. 4hanc domum iam multos annos est quom possideo et colo”, and corresponds to an Adverb of Time like diu in e.g. Amph. 302iam diu est quom ventri victum non datis”, dudum in e.g. Trin. 1010. With Nominative, sunt is used, e.g. Most. 470septem menses sunt quom . . . tetulit”; and editors change est of the MSS. (A n. l.) to em in Pseud. 245mane, est conloqui qui volupt te”, since we have elsewhere sunt qui, e.g. Pseud. 462sunt quae te volumus percontari”. A change from a Singular to a Plural Verb is seen in phrases with age, e.g. The same change of Number in a Noun is seen in the two divisions of a sentence like Trin. 237numquam Amor quemquam nisi cupidum hominem postulat se in plagas conicere; eos petit, eos sectatur” (cf. Curc. 494, Mil. 887, 993) and is often found with a Relative like quisquis and its Antecedent, e.g. Poen. 505qui, quidquid agit, properat omnia” (cf. Rud. 1140, Trin. 1168), Men. 560ubi vir compilet clanculum quidquid domist atque ea ad amicam deferat”; cf. Ter. Heaut. 393.

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