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(H. Peine: de dativi apud priscos scriptores usu. Strasburg (diss.) 1878.)

The Dative in Early Latin plays much the same parts as in the classical period. That peculiarly Latin usage, the Predicative Dative, is much affected by Plautus. Noteworthy examples are:

of Verbal Nouns of the Fourth Declension may be noticed: The Nominative often competes with the Predicative Dative, e.g. Only miseria est (e.g. Mil. 68), flagitium est (e.g. Mil. 694) seem to be used; but both lucro est (e.g. Mil. 675) and lucrum est (e.g. Merc. 553), exitio est (e.g. Bacch. 953) and exitium est (e.g. Bacch. 945exitium, excidium, exlecebra fiet hic equus hodie auro senis”; cf. 947, 1054; Ennius trag. 46 V. “eum esse exitium Troiae, pestem Pergamo”). Cordi is not Dative but Ablative; cf. Cist. 109in cordi est tamen.

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