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The Imperatival use of the Imperfect Subjunctive (never Pluperfect in Old Latin), e.g. Merc. 633 “quid tu faceres, men rogas? requireres, cogitares,” is mentioned below, 25 It is the Past of the Imperatival Present Subjunctive, e.g. requiras, cogites, just as the Imperfect quid facerem? ‘what was I to do?’ is the Past of the Dubitative Present Subjunctive quid faciam? ‘what am I to do?’ On the distinction of the Imperfect from the Pluperfect Subjunctive in Conditional Sentences, see VIII. 5 The ‘Potential’ use of 2 Singular Imperfect Subjunctive (e.g. crederes, putares, is not unknown), e.g. Curc. 331 “scires velle gratiam tuam” (see below, 31). Vellem, mallem, etc., are common, e.g. Rud. 533 “utinam fortuna nunc anetina uterer”, as the Pluperfect Subjunctive to the same wishes for the past, e.g. Truc. 375 “utinam item a principio rei repersisses meae, ut nunc repercis saviis”. But the Imperfect is not unknown where classical Latin would require the Pluperfect, e.g. Capt. 537 “utinam te di prius perderent quam periisti e patria tua.”
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