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(Sjögren: Gebrauch des Futurums in Altlateinischen. Upsala, 1906.) The substitution of the Present for the Future of eo and its Compounds has just been treated (11). The competition of the Present Subjunctive (especially in 1 Singular) with the Future Indicative in Old Latin is discussed below, 26 e.g. Bacch. 1058taceam nunciam”. It has left its mark on the language in the 3rd Conjugation 1 Singular, e.g. dicam, the only form in use in Plautus' time, as later, and in the 4th Conjugation 1 Singular, e.g. audiam, which competed with audibo in Plautus' time. There is apparently no rule which determines Plautus' use of audibo and audiam, scibo and sciam. The love of Latin for Auxiliary Verbs is seen in the three periphrastic forms of the Future in Plautine Latin, (for other examples, see below, 42 and on the use of (1) and (3) to form Future Infinitive Active and Future Infinitive Passive, see 40, 41).

In Colloquial Latin, early and later, the Future often has the peculiar sense shown in these examples from Plautus:

(cf. Ter. Heaut. 1014). It looks like the use of the Future in general statements such as Most. 289pulcra mulier nuda erit quam purpurata pulcrior”, and may be compared with the Future in this type of Conditional sentences, Most. 1041qui homo timidus erit, … nauci non erit”. Or it may be explained like the Epistolary Imperfect, which is due to the writer's putting himself in the place of the man to whom he is writing, and so regarding the time from another's point of view.

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