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(Tammelin: de participiis priscae Latinitatis. Helsingfors, 1889.)

The proneness of the Italic family of languages to periphrastic Tense-formation with Auxiliary Verbs is reflected in Plautus' predilection for sum with Present Participle Active, e.g.

Similarly with facio1, e.g.

1 It has recently been suggested that calefio, etc., is merely calens fio, etc., on the type of which calefacio was formed. Similarly calē(ns)-bam, calē(ns)-bo, the second part of the Compound being Auxiliary Verbs of the same root as fio. And even amassim, prohibessim, etc., as if amans sim, prohibens sim.

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