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Most frequent is the omission of the Substantive Verb (see W. Olsen: quaestionum Plautinarum de Verbo Substantivo specimen. Greifswald, 1884; with it read Seyffert's corrections in Bursian's Jahresbericht 1886, p. 52), e.g. Amph. 56sed ego stultior”, and the common phrases tanto melior (e.g. Truc. 953), quae res? (e.g. Mil. 1344, Cas. 844) and the like. (On nimirum and mirum ni, mirum quin, see VIII. 2) Potis (pote) often appears instead of potest, e.g. Ter. Phorm. 337non pote satis.

This is often found in Tenses where sum is an Auxiliary, e.g.

Esse is often omitted in the Passive (Gerundive and Perfect) and Active (Future1) Infinitive, evidently with the view of shortening the cumbrous phrases faciendum esse, factum esse, facturum esse. (For examples see Reinkens: über den accusativus cum infinitivo bei Plautus und Terentius. Düsseldorf (progr.) 1886, pp. 14, 15, 23). With oportet2 the omission of esse from the Perfect Infinitive Passive is usual in Plautus and invariable in Terence, e.g. Adelph. 213morem gestum oportuit.

1 Another theory regards facturum as the original form of the Future Infinitive Active, from which facturum esse was afterwards developed. See Postgate in Class. Rev. 18,450.

2 Factum oportet is thus adapted to the pattern of facto opus est (see II. 56).

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