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γέ : enclitic particle, used to give prominence to a word or a statement; sometimes to be translated, at least, at any rate, but for the most part untranslatable, and only to be represented in English orally by the tone, in writing by italics; εἰ ζωόν γ᾽ Αἴγισθον ἐνὶ μεγάροισιν ἔτετμεν | Ἀτρείδης, ‘had Menelāus found Aegisthus at home alive!Od. 3.256 ; εἴπερ γάρ τε χόλον γε καὶ αὐτῆμαρ καταπέψῃ | ἀλλά τε καὶ μετόπισθεν ἔχει κότον, ‘though he swallow his wrath... yet he retains a grudge, etc.,’ Il. 1.81; hence γε may convert a slight word into a strong one, lending, as it does, another syllable, and preserving the acute tone, becomes γε, δὲ becomes δέ γε, etc.; even by preventing elision it is a means of force, you may call it a ‘stop-gap,’ yet it is not otiose. With other particles, ἄρα γε, εἴ γε, πρίν γε, πάρος γε, ἐπεί γε, etc.; freq. in neg. sentences, where it may sometimes be translated by an interjected no, as in affirmative sentences occasionally by yes. For repetition of γέ, cf. Il. 5.287 f.
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