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*<*>῎αρης , gen. Ἄρεος and Ἄρηος, dat. Ἄρει and Ἄρηι, acc. Ἄρην and Ἄρηα, voc. Ἄρες (Ἆρες, Il. 5.31, 455): Ares (Mars), son of Zeus and Hera, the god of war and the tumult of battle, Il. 5.890 ff; insatiate in bloodshed, headlong and planless in warfare, thus forming a contrast to Athena, with whom he is at variance, Il. 5.853 ff., Il. 21.400 ff.; a brother of Ἔρις, father of Δεῖμος and Φόβος; his favorite abode is among rude, warring peoples, Il. 13.301 ff., Od. 8.361; his mien and stature imposing and magnificent, Il. 5.860, cf. 385, Od. 8.267 ff.; fights now for the Trojans and now for the Greeks (ἀλλοπρόσαλλος); other epithets, ἆτος πολέμοιο, βροτολοιγός, δεινός, ἀνδρεϊφόντης, Ἐνυ_άλιος, θοός, θοῦρος, μιαίφονος, ὄβριμος, ταλαυρι_νὸς πολεμιστής, χάλκεος, etc. The name of Ares is used by personification (though not written with a capital letter in some edd.) for his element, battle, combat; ξυνάγειν Ἄρηα, κρι?νεσθαι Ἄρηι, ἐγείρειν ὀξὺν Ἄρηα, Il. 2.381, 385, 440.
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