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ἀρετή (root ἀρ, cf. ἀρείων, ἄριστος): subst. (answering to the adj. ἀγαθός), excellence (of whatever sort), merit; ἐκ πατρὸς πολὺ χείρονος υἱὸς ἀμείνων | παντοία_ς ἀρετα?ς, ἠμὲν πόδας ἠδὲ μάχεσθαι, all kinds of ‘prowess,’ Il. 15.642, cf. Il. 22.268; intellectual, ἐμῇ ἀρετῇ (βουλῇ τε νόῳ τε) | ἐκφύγομεν, Od. 12.212; of a woman, ἐμὴν ἀρετὴν (εἶδος τε δέμας τε) | ὤλεσαν α?θάνατοι, my ‘attractions’ (said by Penelope), Od. 18.251 ; τῆς ἀρετῆς (Od. 2.206) includes more. The signif. well-being, prosperity (Il. 20.242, Od. 13.45) answers to εὖ rather than to ἀγαθός.
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