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ἔχω , subj. 2 sing. ἔχῃσθα, ipf. εἶχον, ἔχον, iter. ἔχεσκον, fut. ἕξω, σχήσω, aor. ἔσχον, inf. σχέμεν, mid. fut. ἕξεται, σχήσεσθε, aor. ἐσχόμην, imp. σχέο, parallel forms of aor. act. ἔσχεθον, σχεθέειν: hold, have.—I. act. (and pass.) —(1) trans., hold, in the hands, Il. 1.14; or in any way or direction, hence ‘wear,’ Il. 13.163, Il. 23.136, Il. 16.763, Od. 19.225; ‘hold up,’ ‘support,’ Od. 1.53; ‘hold back,’ ‘stop,’ Il. 4.302, Il. 12.456; and similarly of holding something to a course, ‘guide,’ ‘steer,’ a ship, horses, Od. 9.279, Il. 13.326; met., of holding watch, holding under one's protection, I 1, Il. 24.730; also have, keep, esp. ‘have to wife,’ Od. 4.569; as one's abode, ‘inhabit,’ Il. 5.890; under one's authority, Od. 2.22; and w. inf., ‘be able,’ Il. 16.110, Od. 12.433. Pass., Il. 7.102.—(2) intrans., hold still, or in some position, ἕξω, ὡς λίθος, Od. 19.494; also of motion, direction, ἔγχος ἔσχε δἰ ὤμου, simply giving verbal force to the prep. διά, Il. 13.520; freq. w. an adv., ῥίζαι ἑκὰς εἶχον, were ‘far reaching,’ Od. 12.435 ; εὖ ἔχει, ‘it is well,’ Od. 24.245; answering to the trans. use w. νῆα, ἵππους, but without object, ‘steer,’ ‘drive,’ Od. 3.182, Il. 23.401; and similarly where no object can be thought of, ἐπὶ δ᾽ αὐτῷ πάντες ἔχωμεν, ‘have at him,’ Od. 22.75.—II. mid., hold something for oneself, or of one's own, hold fast, hold still, cease from, hold on to something (τινός); ἄντα παρεια?ων σχομένη λιπαρὰ κρήδεμνα, ‘before her cheeks,’ Od. 1.334, Il. 20.262 ; ἔχεο κρατερῶς, Il. 16.501; τῷ προσφυ?ς ἐχόμην ὡς νυκτερίς, Od. 12.433; ἔσχετο φωνή, ‘stuck,’ ‘stopped,’ Il. 17.696, Il. 21.345; w. gen., Il. 2.98; metaph., ‘depend on,’ σέο ἕξεται, Il. 9.102, ζ 197, Od. 11.346.
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