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ἐκ , before vowels ἐξ: out.—I. adv. (here belong the examples of ‘tmesis’ so-called), ἐκ δ᾽ εὐνα?ς ἔβαλον, Il. 1.436; ἐκ δ̓ ἔσσυτο λα_ός, Il. 8.58; a gen. in the same clause may specify the relation of the adverb, thus forming a transition to the true prepositional use, ἐκ δ᾽ ἄγαγε κλισίης (gen. of place whence) Βρι_σηίδα, Il. 1.346.—II. prep w. gen., out of, (forth) from; of distance or separation, ἐκ βελέων, ‘out of range,’ Il. 11.163 ; ἐκ καπνοῦ, ‘out of,’ ‘away from’ the smoke, Od. 16.288; often where motion is rather implied than expressed, as with verbs of beginning, attaching or hanging, ἐκ δὲ τοῦ ἀρχόμενος, ‘beginning with that,’ Od. 23.199 ; ἐκ πασσαλόφι κρέμασεν φόρμιγγα, Od. 8.67; τῆς δ᾽ ἐξ ἀργύρεος τελαμων ἦν, ‘attached to it,’ Il. 11.38 ; ἐξ ἑτέρων ἕτερ᾽ ἐστίν, ‘one set of buildings adjoining another,’ Od. 17.266; hence temporal, ἐκ τοῦδε, ἐξ οὗ, since; often causal, ἐξ α?ρέων μητρὸς κεχολωμένος, ‘in consequence of,’ Il. 9.566; sometimes nearly equiv. to ὑπό, i. e. source for agency, πάσχειν τι ἔκ τινος, ἐφίληθεν ἐκ Διός, Il. 2.669; phrases, ἐκ θυ_μοῦ φιλεῖν, ἐξ ἔριδος μάχεσθαι, etc.—ἐκ is accented (‘anastrophe’) when it follows its case, καύματος ἔξ, Il. 5.865, Ξ 472, Od. 17.518.
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