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: in truth, surely, verily.—(1) particle of asseveration, always standing at the beginning of its clause except in the phrase ἐπεὶ (sometimes written ἐπειή). Freq. in combination with other particles, δή, μάλα (δή), θήν, τε, τοι (q. v.), and esp. μήν (μέν), which may be retained even in indirect quotation, καί μοι ὄμοσσον | μέν μοι.. ἀρήξειν (representing in the direct form, μέν σοι ἀρήξω, ‘I sol emnly declare that I will defend thee’), Il. 1.77, Il. 14.275.—(2) the same particle may introduce a direct question, esp. a specific question following a general one, always, however, with the expression of some feeling; τίπτ᾽ αὖτ̓.. εἰλήλουθας; ἵνα ὕβριν ἴδῃ Ἀγαμέμνονος, ‘is it that thou may'st behold, etc.?’ Il. 1.203, Il. 3.400, Il. 20.17 ; Ζεῦ πάτερ, ῥά τις ἔστι βροτῶν, κτλ., ‘pray, lives there a man, etc.?’ Il. 7.446.
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