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174. Passive of verbs that take a genitive or dative.

An active verb may be turned into the passive, even if it takes a genitive or a dative. But there are limits.

οὐκέτι δὲ ἀπειλοῦμαι, ἀλλ᾽ ἤδη ἀπειλῶ ἄλλοις”, XEN. Conv. 4.31; I am no longer threatened, but am now threatening others.ἐρῶν τῆς γυναικὸς ἀντερᾶται”, Ibid. 8.3; Loving his wife, he is loved back again.

ANTIPHON, 4 “β” 7: “οὐ δικαίως κατηγοροῦμαι” (but 2 “β” 10: “ κατηγόρηταί μου”).

PLATO, Euthyd. 273C:εἰπὼν οὖν ταῦτα κατεφρονήθην ὑπ᾽ αὐτοῖν”. Lach. 181 B:ἐπαινεῖ ὑπ᾽ ἀνδρῶν ἀξίων πιστεύεσθαι”. Rpb. 556 C-D: “ὅταν . . . μηδαμῇ ταύτῃ καταφρονῶνται οἱ πένητες ὑπὸ τῶν πλουσίων”.

XEN. Conv. 4.31 (see above). Ibid. 8.3 (see above). Hiero, 11.11: “οὐ μόνον φιλοῖο ἄν, ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐρῷο ὑπ᾽ ἀνθρώπων”. Ibid. 11.15: “εὐδαιμονῶν γὰρ οὐ φθονηθήσει”.

EUR. I. A. 1093-4: “ δ᾽ ἀρετὰ κατόπισθεν θνατοῖς ἀμελεῖται”.

SOPH. O. R. 111: “ἐκφεύγει δὲ τἀμελούμενον”.

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