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293. Periphrases with the aorist participle.

Periphrases with the aorist participle are rare. In most instances the aorist may be regarded as the short-hand of the perfect, or as a manner of characterizing adjective or quasi-substantive. Here and there, however, there seems to be an effort to evolve a more exact aoristic future.

ἦσαν δέ τινες καὶ γενόμενοι τῷ Νικίᾳ λόγοι πρότερον”, THUC.4.54.3; Conferences had actually been held with Nikias even before.ἔφραζον ὥς σφι θεὸς εἴη φανείς”, HDT.3.27; They set forth how a god had actually appeared to them.

DEM. [52]DEM., 9: Λύκων τυγχάνει ὢν καὶ ἄπαις καὶ κληρονόμον οὐδένα οἴκοι καταλιπών”.1

LYS.2. 13:οὐκ εἰδότες ὁποῖοί τινες ἄνδρες ἔσονται γενόμενοι” (= “ἐπειδὴ ἄνδρες γένοιντο”). 20. 1:οἱ μὲν ῾σομἐγὰρ ἐπιβουλεύσαντες ἦσαν αὐτῶν” (“ἦσαν αὐτῶν” is probably belonged to their number).

ANTIPHON, 2 “γ” 8: “οὗτος ἂν καὶ οὐδεὶς ἕτερος ἀποκτείνας αὐτὸν εἴη”, This man and no other must have been his murderer. (“ ἀποκτείνας” would be more natural.) Similarly 3 “δ” 4 and 5.

PLATO, Legg. 961B-C: “τοιοῦτόν τί που λεχθὲν ἡμῖν ἦν ἐν τοῖς ἔμπροσθεν λόγοις”; (Phileb. 64 B: μὴ μίξωμεν ἀλήθειαν οὐκ ἄν ποτε τοῦτο ἀληθῶς γίγνοιτο οὐδ᾽ ἂν γενόμενον εἴη” is not to be counted. “οὐδ᾽ ἂν γενόμενον εἴη” = “οὐδ᾽ ἂν εἴη εἰ γένοιτο”. In like manner analyze Legg. 739 E.) Politic. 265 D: “ταῦτ᾽ ἔστω ταύτῃ λεχθέντα”. PLAT. Soph. 217C:μὴ . . . ἀπαρνηθεὶς γένῃ”.2

XEN. An. 7.6.36: “ἢν δὲ ποιήσητε . . . κατακανόντες” (Dindorf “κατακεκονότες”) “ἔσεσθε”. The reading “κατακανόντες” is favored by the coincidence of action.)

THUC.4.54.3(see above).

HDT.2.10:ἔργα ἀποδεξάμενοι μεγάλα εἰσί”. 3.27 (see above). 5.69: “ἦν . . . τὸν δῆμον προσθέμενος πολλῷ κατύπερθε τῶν ἀντιστασιωτέων”, It was true that he had gained over the commons far beyond his rival. 7.206: “ἦν γὰρ κατὰ τὠυτὸ Ὀλυμπιὰς τούτοισι τοῖσι πρήγμασι συμπεσοῦσα” (= “σὐγχρονος”).

Suppl. 511: “ἐξαρκέσας ἦν Ζεὺς τιμωρούμενος”.

SOPH. Ai. 588:μὴ προδοὺς ἡμᾶς γένῃ” (prove traitor). Ant. 1067:νέκυν νεκρῶν ἀμοιβὸν ἀντιδοὺς ἔσει” . O. C. 816: μὴν σὺ κἄνευ τοῦδε λυπηθεὶς ἔσει” . O. R. 89-90: “οὔτε γὰρ θρασὺς” | “οὔτ᾽ οὖν προδείσας εἰμὶ τῷ γε νῦν λόγῳ”. 970: “οὕτω δ᾽ ἂν θανὼν εἴη ᾿ξ ἐμοῦ” (parallel with the periphrastic perfect optative with “ἄν, θανών” being practically the perfect of “θνῄσκω”). Ph. 772-3: “μὴ σαυτόν θ᾽ ἅμα” | “κἄμ᾽ . . . κτείνας γένῃ” [parodied by COM. Phryn. 2.605 (= fr. 20, Gr. N.2): “ φίλτατ᾽ ἀνδρῶν, μή μ᾽ ἀτιμάσας γένῃ”].

PIND. P. 2.72: “γένοι᾽ οἷος ἐσσὶ μαθών” (but see B. L. G. ad loc.).

HOM. Il. 4.210-1: “ἀλλ᾽ ὅτε δή ῤ̔ ἵκανον, ὅθι ξανθὸς Μενέλαος” | “βλήμενος ἦν” is not an example. “βλήμενος” does not go with “ἦν”.

1 See A. J. P. xii (1891), 79.

2 A. J. P. iv (1883), 306.

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