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76. Impersonal verbs.

The same principle lies at the basis of all so-called impersonal verbs. Sometimes the subject is contained in the predicate, as when the passive is used impersonally, or when the infinitive is used without a subject.

ἐμοὶ . . . δεδιήγηται”, ANTIPHON, 1.31; My tale has been told.

ANTIPHON, 1.31: “ἐμοὶ μὲν οὖν δεδιήγηται καὶ βεβοήθηται τῷ <τε> τεθνεῶτι καὶ τῷ νόμῳ”. 5.75: “ὅμως δ᾽ οὖν κεκινδυνεύσεται”.

PLATO, Rpb. 457E. “εὖ μάλ᾽ ἂν ἀμφισβητηθείη” (cf. ibid. D: “ἀμφισβήτησιν γενέσθαι”).

XEN. Hell. 1.3.20:ἐπεὶ δὲ αὐτοῖς παρεσκεύαστο” . Mem. 1.7.2:ἆρ᾽ οὐ τὰ ἔξω τῆς τέχνης μιμητέον τοὺς ἀγαθοὺς αὐλητάς; . . . καὶ τούτῳ ταῦτα ποιητέον . . . καὶ τούτῳ πολλοὺς ἐπαινέτας παρασκευαστέον” .

THUC.1.46.1:οἱ δὲ Κορίνθιοι, ἐπειδὴ αὐτοῖς παρεσκεύαστο, ἔπλεον ἐπὶ τὴν Κέρκυραν”. 1.91.1:τειχίζεταί τε καὶ ἤδη ὕψος λαμβάνει” (sc. “τὸ τεῖχος”). 7.25.9:ὡς . . . διαπεπολεμησόμενον” . Cf. 7.77.3:ἱκανὰ γὰρ τοῖς τε πολεμίοις ηὐτύχηται” .

Thesm. 1227: “ἀλλὰ πέπαισται μετρίως ἡμῖν”. Ran. 376: “ἠρίστηται δ᾽ ἐξαρκούντως”.

HOM. Od. 9.143: “οὐδὲ προυφαίνετ᾽ ἰδέσθαι”. 19.312: “ἀλλά μοι ὧδ᾽ ἀνὰ θυμὸν ὀΐεται, ὡς ἔσεταί περ”.

Il. 22.319: “ὣς αἰχμῆς ἀπέλαμπ᾽ εὐήκεος”.

For additional examples of the impersonal passive, see 176.

For the impersonal neuter plural in -“τέα”, see exx. under 37.

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