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claro radiantis ab auro. The preposition indicates the gold rather metaphorically, as the source of the effect produced, than literally, as the point from which the rays diverged. All usages of ab should be explained from its fundamental signification of departure from some fixed point. The instances in which it is found with intransitive verbs, with adjectives (Trist. IV. iii. 36, “tempus et a nostris exige triste malis”, Liv.i. I. 4, Aenean ab simili clade domo profugum) or with substantives ( Cic. Off.II. vi. 19, “ab inanimis procellas tempestates naufragia”, . . . “a bestiis ictus morsus impetus”, where see Holden) are not to be regarded as variations or extensions of its use with the passive verb. In the same way the use of it with the ablative of things, which is especially frequent in Ovid (see Mr. Hallam's Fasti, Appendix a, Roby § 1213) need not be explained as resulting from a personification (as in Roby § 1221) or from a redundancy of expression. See Palmer on Her.X. 138, and cf. 720 n.

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    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 1, 1.4
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