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decimo . . . anno, ‘in the tenth year, and never before, have we joined battle.’ Demum easily passes from its literal signification, ‘downmost,’ to introduce the instance or definition which, after the rejection or to the neglect of others as unsatisfactory, is found to satisfy perfectly the required conditions. Cf. Sall. Cat.XX. 4, “idem velle atque idem nolle, ea demum firma amicitia est”, Liv.i. IX. 5, “id enim demum compar connubium fore”. It is with the tenth year of the war that the action of the Iliadis concerned, the beginning of fighting coinciding with the withdrawal of Achilles.

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hide References (2 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Sallust, Catilinae Coniuratio, 20
    • Livy, The History of Rome, Book 1, 9.5
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