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caerula mater, Thetis. The epithet is applied especially to sea and river deities, as in 742 to Doris, in 895 and 962 to Acis and Glaucus after metamorphosis, and in Virg. Aen.VIII. 64, to the Tiber. In XIV. 555, the ships of Aeneas being already caeruleae undergo no change of colour in becoming sea-nymphs. The same colour is described by viridis, as may be seen from the ascription of this epithet to the same deities in Her.V. 57, Trist. I. ii. 59 (as to the Britons stained with woad, Amor. II. xvi. 39), and by ferrugineus (cf. 960) in Virg. Aen.VI. 303(cf. ib. 410). This last colour (which is identified with ostrum by Virgil, Aen.XI. 772) ‘seems to be a dark violet, like that of steel after it has been heated in the fire and cooled, answering, therefore, to Homer's “πορφύρεος” or “οἶνοψ” applied to the sea; as in certain weathers the Mediterranean has precisely such a colour,’ (Munro on Lucr.iv. 76). Cf. Con. on G. I. 236, Com. 29, 434, ‘blue meagre hag.’
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