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busta need not be explained, as by Lewis and Short, as equivalent to Manes, piare and expiare being used not merely of ‘appeasing’ a deity angered, of ‘expiating’ a crime committed, and of ‘purifying’ a thing polluted (as in Livy V. 1. 2), but also, in a sense for which we have, as might be expected, no convenient English equivalent, of neutralising and rendering harmless any object or occurrence from which supernatural dangers are apprehended. Cf. Virg. Aen.VI. 379, “prodigiis acti caelestibus ossa piabunt”, Fast.III. 311, “quoque modo possit fulmen monstrate piari”, Liv.v. 1. 5, “expiandae etiam vocis nocturnae mentio inlata”.
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