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Pithecusas. The name, which would properly belong to more than one island (“Πιθηκοῦσσαι”, as if from “πιθηκόεις”), also appears as Pithecusa sing., and was derived according to the legend here from “πίθηκος” an ape. Pliny connects it with the manufacture on Aenaria (for, as has been noticed, it was not a distinct island) of the large jars called “πίθοι”, but, as Heyne observes (Exc. ii. to Aen.ix.), neither “πίθος” nor its diminutive “πιθάκνη” could give rise to such a form.

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    • Vergil, Aeneid, 9.1
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