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Helenum. According to the Ἰλιὰς μικρά Calchas announced to the Greek chiefs, that Helenus son of Priam knew the prophecies concerning the fate of Troy (cf. 45 n.), and he was accordingly taken prisoner by Ulysses by stratagem. Another story makes him join the Greeks voluntarily in horror at the sacrilege committed in killing Achilles at the temple of the Thymbraean Apollo, whither he had gone to negotiate with Priam for the hand of Polyxena. Subsequently he predicted to the Greek princes the sufferings which awaited them in their return home by sea, and himself joining Pyrrhus, who returned by land, settled in Epirus. There Aeneas finds him ( Virg. Aen.III. 294-336) reigning over part of the country and married to Andromache. At Aeneas' request, Helenus foretells the future course of his voyage and warns him of the dangers to be avoided (720-4, XV. 450, Virg. Aen.III. 374-462) rapta cum Pallade, ‘and the rape of Pallas,’ that is of the Palladium or image of Pallas upon which the capture of Troy depended. Cf. 339-49, Virg. Aen.II. 163-70. The difficulty that it was afterwards in possession of the Romans was got over in various ways, as by the story that Diomede voluntarily restored it to Aeneas. It was believed to be among the sacred objects preserved in the temple of Vesta, Cic. Phil.XI. x., § 24, “illud signum, quod de caelo delapsum Vestae custodiis tenetur: quo salvo salvi sumus futuri”. Cf. Fasti VI, 421-36, where is related the story of its rescue from the flames in B.c. 241 by L. Caecilius Metellus, who lost his sight on the occasion. Notice that the goddess is not distinguished from her statue: cf. Liv.v. XXII. 4, “quibus deportanda Romam regina Juno adsignata erat”, and see Grote, H. G. I. p. 378 (ed. 1862), Part I. ch. XVI. ad fin. The words are in the construction noticed on 64, and not to be taken with captum only.
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