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Having made up his mind (1) that he must have the support of Thebes and Thessaly (§§ 145, 146), and (2) that he can secure this only by an Amphictyonic war (§ 147), he now (3) determines to find some Athenian to instigate the war, to disarm all suspicion in advance. For this important work he hires Aeschines (§ 148).

2. ἱερομνημόνων: for the constitu- tion of the Amphictyonic Council see Essay V.—ἐκείνου, his, from the orator's point of view, just after ἑαυτοῦ, his own, from Philip's: cf. Xen. Mem. IV. 7, 1, τὴν ἑαυτοῦ γνώμην ἀπεφαίνετο πρὸς τοὺς ὁμιλοῦντας αὐτῷ.

5. ἂν δ᾽ Ἀθηναῖοσᾖ: we have the same antithesis here between ἂν... and the preceding εἰ...εἰσηγοῖτο which we had in § 147 between ἐὰν...αἱρεθῇ (3) and εἰ συμπείθοι (1). It is commonly assumed that ἐὰν with the subjunctive expresses greater probability or likelihood that the supposition may prove true than εἰ with the optative; and this double antithesis is often cited as a strong confirmation of this view. It seems to be overlooked that all four suppositions are in oratio obliqua after past tenses, and would all be expressed in the oratio recta (i.e. as Philip conceived them) by subjunctives, ἐὰν συμπείθω, αἱρεθῶ, εἰσηγῆται, Ἀθηναῖος , which would all be retained if the leading verb were present or future. If these forms now show any inherent distinction between subj. and opt. as regards probability, this has been introduced by the oratio obliqua after a past tense. The two subjunctives express the plans which Philip had most at heart, and the two optatives express the opposite alternatives. Cf. note on εἰ προαιρησόμεθ̓ in § 176.1. See Trans. of the Am. Philol. Assoc. for 1873, pp. 71, 72, and the Eng. Journ. of Philology vol. V. no. 10, p. 198.

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hide References (5 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (5):
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 145
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 147
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 148
    • Demosthenes, On the Crown, 176
    • Xenophon, Memorabilia, 4.7.1
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