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1. σύμβουλος, statesman. —συκοφάντης: no modern word, least of all the English sycophant, gives the full meaning of this expressive term, though the same combination of malicious informer, dirty pettifogger, common slanderer and backbiter, is unhappily still to be seen. Cf. § 242.2. The word must have referred originally to the petty form of prosecution for violation of the revenue laws known as φάσις, in which half of the penalty went to the informer. See Ar. Eq. 300: καί σε φαίνω τοῖς πρυτάνεσιν ἀδεκατεύτους τῶν θεῶν ἱρὰς ἔχοντα κοιλίας. 4. ὑπεύθυνον, responsible in the full Attic sense, e.g. liable to the εὔθυναι and to the γραφὴ παρανόμων. 6. δύσκολον: see note on § 176.2. 7. βασκαίνει, reviles: Harpocr. ἀντὶ τοῦ αἰτιᾶται καὶ μέμφεται καὶ συκοφαντεῖ: Δημοσθ. ἐν τῷ ὑπὲρ Κτησιφῶντος.
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