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1. πολὺς ἔγκειται, is severe (presses hard) upon: cf. Thuc. IV. 22, Hdt. VII. 158, and note on πολλῷ ῥέοντι in § 136.7 (above). 2. τι καὶ παράδοξον: the orator now rises to a new height. Heretofore he has maintained vigorously (as in § 194) that the policy of Athens in opposing Philip under his lead was sound and hopeful, and that he cannot justly be censured now, even if events have shown the “mistake” of waging war against the Macedonian power. He now suddenly changes his ground. He declares that there has been no “mistake,” that no other policy was possible for Athens with her glorious antecedents, even if the whole future, with Chaeronea and its baneful consequences, had been foreseen from the beginning. This is the final answer to the petty criticisms of Aeschines “after the events” (ἐπὶ τοῖς συμβᾶσιν, § 197.9). 6. καὶ σὺ προὔλεγες: the figure of Aeschines himself joining in the general warning adds greatly to the picture. 7. ὃς οὐδ᾽ ἐφθέγξω, you who did not even open your mouth.—οὐδ᾽ οὕτως, not even then: οὕτως sums up in one word the whole of the preceding condition (4—7). 8. ἀποστατέον...ἦν=ἔδει τὴν πόλιν ἀποστῆναι. 9. τοῦ μέλλοντος αἰῶνος, future ages.
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