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Πυθώνακτος. In formal inscriptions of Attica no article is inserted where a man is described as ‘A the son of B.’ The MSS. are therefore almost certainly wrong in giving ὁ Πυθώνακτος. Zelea was situated in the Troad, and was a member of the Delian confederacy. As Busolt suggests, it is probable that a decree of this kind would not be passed by the Athenian assembly before the League had practically become the empire of Athens. It is probable therefore that Plutarch is wrong in making Themistocles the proposer of this decree (a scholiast on Aristides gives the proposer as Cimon), and it has been plausibly suggested that Arthmius may have been connected with the despatch of Megabazus to Sparta in 455 (Thuc. I.109). ἡ αἰτία. According to Deinarchus, this was the only instance in which a reason was given.