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Personal endings: Active Voice and Aorist Passive

Especially noteworthy endings, which are further explained in § 13, are printed in bolder type.

Primary Tenses of the Indicative and All Subjunctive Tenses:

Person Ending
Singular: 1. -μι
2. -σι, -ς, -σθα
3. -τιν), -σιν
Dual: 2. -τον
3. -τον
Plural: 1. -μεν
2. -τε
3. -[“ν”]“σι”(“ν”), “-α_σι”(“ν”)

In the singular and in the third person plural the verb exhibits a variety of endings, already familiar from Attic Greek, when the personal ending proper either (a) is wanting, e. g. “λυ?σω” (A 29), “τέτηκα” (3.176), or (b) loses its separate identity by coalescing with the thematic vowel or tense suffix, e. g. “δώσουσι” (A 123) for “δω-σο-νσι, ἐκ-πέρσωσι” (A 164) for “ἐκ-περ-σω-νσι, τεθαρσήκα_σι” (I 420) for “τεθαρση-κα-νσι”.

The personal ending “-α_σι”, which is distinct from the verb ending just illustrated, is seen in such forms as “ἐγγεγάα_σιν” (Z 493), perfect of “ἐγγίγνομαι”, and “βεβάα_σι” (B 134), perfect of “βαίνω. -α^σιν” occurs twice (Od. 7.114 and Od. 11.304).

-σα_σι” is seen in “ἴσα_σι” (I 36) for “ἰδ-σασι”, from “οῖδα”.

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