previous next

§ 137. Active Infinitive Endings, including Aorist Passive:

1. a. “-έμεναι” and “-ειν” occur in the thematic inflection. E. g. A 151, “ἐλθέμεναι” (= “ἐλθεῖν”). A 277, “ἐριζέμεναι” (= “ἐρίζειν”). A 60, “ἀπονοστήσειν”.

b. “-μεναι” is found in the non-thematic inflection. E. g. A 98, “δόμεναι” (= Attic “δοῦναι”). A 187, “ὁμοιωθήμεναι” (= “ὁμοιωθῆναι”, aorist passive).

2. -έμεν and -μεν, shortened forms of the preceding endings, are common. Before words beginning with a vowel they may be regarded as elided forms (and written “-έμεν᾽ , -μεν̓”) E. g. A 78, “χολωσέμεν” (or “χολωσέμεν̓”). A 323, “ἀγέμεν” (“ἄγειν”) A 283, “μεθέμεν” (Attic “μεθ-εῖναι”), second aorist of “μεθίημι”.

3. -ναι is found after long vowels and diphthongs. E. g A 134, “ἀποδοῦναι”. A 226, “θωρηχθῆναι” (aorist passive). See 7, below.

4. A wrongly formed ending -έειν appears in some second aorists. E. g. B 414, “βαλέειν” (= “βαλεῖν”). 3.236, “ἰδέειν” (= “ἰδεῖν”).

5. -σαι (also -αι after liquids) of the first aorist active occurs as in Attic. E. g. A 19, “ἐκπέρσαι”. A 67, “ἀμῦναι”. H 261, “κτεῖναι”.

6. The forms of the present infinitive of “εἰμί” are: “ἔμμεναι” (for “ἐσ-μεναι”), “ἔμεναι, ἔμμεν, ἔμεν, εἶναι”.

7. The infinitives of “εἶμι” are: “ἴμεναι, ἴμεν, ἰέναι” (the only in finitive in “-έναι”).

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (1 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (1):
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: