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Noteworthy Tense Formations

In general, the tense suffixes are the same in Homer as in Attic Greek.

Present and Imperfect. Many presents end in -είω E. g. “τελείω” (“τελες”+“ιω”, i. e. yo), Attic “τελέω”. A 5, “ἐτελείετο”, Attic “ἐτελεῖτο. πνείω” (Attic “πνέω”) is probably for “πνεϝ-ω”.

note.—Very many contract verbs in “-άω”, which were not contracted in the earlier epic tongue, often appear in the MSS. in so-called “assimilated” or (according to others) “distracted” forms. E. g. for “ἀντιάουσαν” (A 31), “ἐστιχάοντο” (B 92), “ἐλάειν” (X 400), and “μαιμα?ων” (O 742), the MSS. have respectively “ἀντιόωσαν, ἐστιχόωντο, ἐλάα_ν”, and “μαιμώων”. Such artificial forms, which probably were due to the influence of the Attic contractions (“ἀντιῶσαν, ἐστιχῶντο, ἐλᾶν, μαιμῶν”) on the epic dialect, are replaced throughout the accompanying text by the original uncontracted forms.

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