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Elision

Final vowels that are superfluous to the meter are elided before words beginning with a vowel, in the following instances, and the elision is marked by an apostrophe:

1. -α^, -ε, -ο, of the various parts of speech. E. g. A 2, “μυ_ρἴ”(“α”), “ἄλγἐ”(“α”) (= Attic “ἄλγη”). A 23, “θ᾽”=“τε”. A 32, “μ̓”(“ε”). A 33, “ἔφατ᾽”(“ο”). A 52, “βάλλ̓”(“ε”) = “ἔβαλλε”.

2. -ι^. E. G. B 132, “εἰῶς᾿”(“ι”). Except the final “-ι” of “περί, τί” and its compunds: τ᾽ stands for τε, never for “ τι”. E. g. A 244, “ τ᾽”(“ε”). Cf. § 123.7.

3. -αι of various verb endings. E. g. A 117, “βούλοὐ”(“αι”). A 546, “ἔσοντ᾽”(“αι”). B 137, “ἥατ᾽”(“αι”).

4. -οι of the dative singular of personal pronouns. E. g. A 170, “ς᾿”(“οι”). Perhaps 3.235, “καί τ᾽”(“οι”). I 673, “μ̓”(“οι”). The context proves that the dative of the pronoun is intended in the first and third examples.

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