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γόνυ”, ‘knee,’ and “δόρυ”, ‘spear,’ have as stems “γονϝ-” and “δορϝ-”. In the nominative singular the digamma is vocalized § 60), and as the nouns are neuter, there is no case ending. Longer forms of the stems are “γονϝ-ατ-” and “δορϝ-ατ-”. The loss of digamma produces compensatory lengthening of the stem in the different cases, as follows:

Singular: Nom., Acc. γόνυ δόρυ
Gen. γουνός, γούνατος δουρός, δούρατος
Dat. -- δουρί, δούρατι
Dual: N. A. -- δοῦρε
G. D. -- --
Plural: N. A. γοῦνα, γούνατα δοῦρα, δούρατα
G. γούνων δούρων
D. γούνεσσι”(“ν”), “γούνασι”(“ν”) δούρεσσι, δούρασι”(“ν”)

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