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λῆξις δἰκης κ.τ.λ. ‘Any filing of a suit or, in a general way, any unpleasant report,’ ‘any scandal.’

δίκην ἀστρατείας ‘An action for non-service,’ i.e. for refusing to serve when a person's name is placed on the military κατάλογος. [Aeschin. 1 § 29 τὰς στρατείας μὴ ἐστρατευμένος. Dem. Or. 24 § 103 ἂν ἀστρατείας τις ὄφλῃ . . τοῦτον δεδέσθαι. The Roman detrectatio militiae, Livy III 69. S.] This was but slightly different from either δειλίας φεύγειν, Ar. Ach. 1129, or λιποστρατίου, λιποταξίου, Mid, p. 548. In these latter cases there was generally actual desertion or running away from the ranks. [In Dem. 24 § 119 we have τοῖς ἀνδροφόνοις, τοῖς ἀστρατεύτοις, τοῖς λείπουσι τὰς τάξεις, and in Aeschin. 3 § 175 Σόλων ἐν τοῖς αὐτοῖς ἐπιτιμίοις ᾤετο δεῖν ἐνέχεσθαι τὸν ἀστράτευτον καὶ τὸν λελοιπότα τὴν τάξιν καὶ τὸν δειλὸν ὁμοίως. The 14th and 15th Orations of Lysias, in prosecution of the younger Alcibiades, are entitled λιποταξίου and ἀστρατείας respectively. Such prosecutions were instituted by the ten generals, or (perhaps, though the next section scarcely proves it) by the ταξίαρχοι, and were public indictments (γραφαὶ) and not private suits (δίκαι). The term δίκη must therefore be here used in its generic sense, and not in its more limited meaning. (See introd. to the above speeches of Lysias in Frohberger's Ausgewahlte Reden des Lysias, and Meier and Schomann, p. 462 Lipsius.) S.]

εἰς Ταμύνας A town in Euboea (at the head of the bay, east of Eretria), where the Athenians led by Phocion gained a victory over Callias tyrant of Chalcis, either in B.C. 350 (A. Schaefer), or more probably in 348 (Weil and Blass). [Demosthenes tried to dissuade the Athenians from undertaking the expedition, and was fully justified in so doing, Aeschines however fought bravely as a hoplite at Tamynae, and was sent to Athens to carry the first news of Phocion's victory (Aeschin. 2 § 169). His rival was reproached by his enemies for having been absent from the battle, and at the instigation of Meidias he was threatened with an indictment for deserting his post (Or. 21 § 103 ἐγράψατο λιποταξίου). The expedition seems to have taken place late in February, and in March we find Demosthenes χορηγός at the Dionysia (when he was brutally insulted by Meidias); an engagement which may have enabled him to obtain leave of absence. (A. Schaefer, Dem. u. s. Zeit II 78—86{2}, Grote, H. G. chap. 88, Weil, Harangues de Dém, 163— 8{2}, and Blass III i 328—330{2}.) S.]

παρῆλθον ‘The other day when the rest of the troops appeared before (went on the campaign to) Tamynae.’ Prof. Kennedy. Aeschin. 3 § 86 ἐπειδὴ τάχιστα είς Ταμύνας παρήλθομεν. The Athenian troops did not enter Tamynae; when they came to Tamynae, they suddenly found themselves surrounded in a gorge by the enemy (Curtius, H. G. v 269 ET). Aeschin. 3 § 86 τὸ στρατόπεδον τὸ τῆς πόλεως εἰς δεινὰς δυσχωρίας κατακεκλῃμένον, Plut. Dem. 12. S.]

τοὺς χοᾶς ‘He was left at home keeping the feast of flagons,’ the second day of the Anthesteria.

[Harpocr. Δημοσθένης ἐν τῷ περὶ τοῦ ὀνόματος. ἑορτήτις ἦν παρ᾽ Ἀθηναίοις ἀγομένη Ἀνθεστηριῶνος (half of February and Maich) δωδεκάτῃ. φησὶ δὲ Ἀπολλόδωρος Ἀνθεστήρια μὲν καλεῖσθαι κοινῶς τὴν ὅλην ἑορτὴν Διονύσῳ ἀγομένην, κατὰ μέρος δὲ Πιθοίγια, Χόας, Χύτρους. In Ar. Ach. 961 εἰς τους χοᾶς αὐτῷ, the last syllable is long, χοᾶς being the contracted acc. pl. formed from χοεύς. S.]

ἐχόρευεν ‘He was serving in the chorus at the Dionysia’ (in March). This entitled him to exemption from service legally, but it was often adopted by cowards as an excuse. [Cf. 21 § 15 τοὺς χορευτὰς...ἀφεθῆναι τῆς στρατείας (in reference to the same festival in the same year).] Kennedy neatly renders it, ‘dancing as a chorister, when he should be campaigning.’

ἑωρᾶτε κ.τ.λ. Dem. himself was choregus at this festival. Cf. εἰς Ταμύνας n. S.]

λιποταξίου ‘for desertion’; [here applied to the offence committed by one who, by staying in Athens, failed to take the place assigned him in the ranks of his regiment, Meier and Schömann, p. 463, note 779, ed. Lipsius. See Wayte on Timocr. § 103. S.]

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Demosthenes, Against Midias, 103
    • Demosthenes, Against Timocrates, 103
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