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§§ 16—18. At first our respective claims were submitted to one Solon for arbitration; but, some delays having intervened, the case was tried afresh, and the suit, which was filed in the name of Boeotus, was given against him. Knowing he was in the wrong, he did not carry the case to a higher court; but he has brought an action for other and fresh claims, denying at the same time that the decision had gone against him, for his name (he said) was not Boeotus. I was thus compelled to file a new bill against him as Mantitheus. δίκας ἔλαχον This seems to refer to the suit mentioned in § 3 πλὴν εἴ τινα νῦν ἕνεκα τῆς δίκης ταύτης ἀντειλήχασί μοι συκοφαντοῦντες. παραγραψάμενοι ‘Having had his name registered.’ See on Or. 34 § 43. ‘Causing him to be inserted in the margin, or at the foot, of the record,’ Kennedy; who observes that the arbitrators appear to have been public (κληρωτοὶ), not private (αἱρετοὶ); since there was no appeal from the decision of the latter, and the words οὔτε ἐφῆκεν εἰς τὸ δικαστήριον in § 17 imply that there was in this case a power of appeal. Ἑρχιέα] Ἑρχιεὐς occurs in Mid. § 22. Harpocr. Ἐρχιᾶθεν: Δείναρχος κατἀ Στεφάνου. Ἐρχιὰ (Dind.) δῆμός ἐστι τῆς Αἰγηΐδος, ως φησι Διόδωρος. Hesych. Ἑρχεία: δῆμος φυλῆς τῆς Αἰγηΐδος. ἐφυγοδίκουν ‘Shirked the hearing altogether,’ Kennedy. A rare word, if not ἅπαξ εἰρημένον. πάλιν ἐξ ὑπαρχῆς Soph. Oed. Tyr. 132 “ἀλλ᾽ ἐξ ὐπαρχῆς αὖθις αὔτ᾽ ἐγὼ φανῶ”. Hesych. ἐξ ὑπαρχῆς: ἐξ ἀρχῆς. [Not found elsewhere in ‘Demosthenes.’] ἐπὶ τὸ ἔγκλημα This clause reads like a gloss. ‘Having had the name Boeotus written upon it,’ is the simple sense. ὁ πατὴρ ἔθετο See Or. 39 § 4. Mantitheus resolved not to acknowledge any other name than Boeotus for his half-brother, although it is more than probable (as before remarked) that he had succeeded in establishing his right to be called Mantitheus. This indeed appears in § 20.
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