ἤιε: from “εἶμι”, see § 34 f.
: Patroclus was so well known to the hearers of Homer, from old stories and songs, that he needed no more exact designation here; cf. the use of “Ἀτρεΐδης
” v. 7. See § 21 b. When a boy in Opus he killed a comrade in a fit of anger and was taken by his father to Phthia where Peleus received him kindly (23.84
ff.), and brought him up with Achilles. He attended Achilles on this Trojan ex pedition as his warmest and most faithful friend and squire (“θεράπων, Σ
” 80 ff., 24.4
ff.). The narrative of his exploits fills a large part of the Sixteenth Book of the Iliad.
He was slain by Hector (16.818
ff.). To avenge his death, Achilles ends his quarrel with Agamemnon. Most of the Twenty-third Book is occupied with an account of the funeral games in his honor.