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[422] 422-456. Both armies advance and the battle begins. This scene could follow immediately either 2.483 or 2.785. The single combat of Menelaus and Paris, with its accompaniments, has been little more than an episode.

ὡς δ᾽ ὅτε: introduces a comparison. cf. 130, 141, 275. It is here used with the pres. ind., of an ordinary occurrence. cf. 452, “Λ 492, Π 364, Τ 357, Φ 12, Ψ” 692, 760.

πολυηχέι: cf. “θάλασσά τε ἠχήεσσα Α” 157, “πολυφλοίσβοιο θαλάσσης Α” 34.

κῦμα: collective; one ware as a representative of all. cf. fluctus uti primo coepit cum albescere vento,| paulatim sese tollit mare et altius undas| erigit, inde imo consurgit ad aethera fundo Verg. Aen. vii. 528 ff., id. Georg. iii. 237 ff.

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