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αἰσχύνην...φιλοτιμίαν. Cp. Lys. XIV. 2, and 42 (in Alcib.) ἐπὶ μὲν τοῖς καλοῖς αἰσχύνεσθαι, ἐπὶ δὲ τοῖς κακοῖς φιλοτιμεῖσθαι, “taking glory for shame and shame for glory.” Remembering that Phaedrus was a professed admirer of Lysias, we may, perhaps, recognize here a verbal echo. For a discussion of αἰσχύνη (not distinguished from αἰδώς) see Arist. Eth. Nic. IV. ix. 1128^{b} 10, and Rhet. II. vi. 1383^{b} 12.

οὔτε πόλιν οὔτε ἰδιώτην. Notice that in the subsequent treatment of these two heads the order is reversed (to secure rhetorical “Chiasmus”).

εἴ τι αἰσχρὸν κτλ. Cp. Xen. Cyneg. XII. 20 ὅταν μὲν γάρ τις ὁρᾶται ὑπὸ τοῦ ἐρωμένου ἅπας ἑαυτοῦ ἐστι βελτίων καὶ οὔτε λέγει οὔτε ποιεῖ αἰσχρὰ οὐδὲ κακά, ἵνα μὴ ὀφθῇ ὑπ᾽ ἐκείνων. Also 194 C infra.

πάσχων κτλ. Cp. “It hath been said by them of old time, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.” Ordinary Greek ethics approved of retaliation: cp. Xen. Cyrop. VIII. 7. 7; see Dobbs, Philos. and Popular Morals, etc. p. 39. For another incentive to courage, see Rep. 467 B.

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  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Plato, Republic, 467b
    • Plato, Symposium, 194c
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