previous next

ἔστι γὰρ ἰατρική κτλ. Cp. (with Poschenrieder) Hippocr. de flat. I. p. 570 K. πάλιν αὖ πλησμονὴν ἰῆται κένωσις: κένωσιν δὲ πλησμονή...τὰ ἐναντία τῶν ἐναντίων ἐστὶν ἰήματα. ἰητρικὴ γάρ ἐστι πρόσθεσις καὶ ἀφαίρεσις, ἀφαίρεσις μὲν τῶν ὑπερβαλλόντων, πρόσθεσις δὲ τῶν ἐλλιπόντων: δὲ κάλλιστα τοῦτο ποιέων ἄριστος ἰητρός. Also Phileb. 32 A, 35 A for “repletion” and “depletion” in connexion with bodily φύσις: and Tim. 82 A γῆς πυρὸς ὕδατος τε καὶ ἀέρος... παρὰ φύσιν πλεονεξία καὶ ἔνδεια...στάσεις καὶ νόσους παρέχει.

διαγιγνώσκων κτλ. In this passage there is a distinction implied between pure and applied ἰατρική, between medicine as a science (ἐπιστήμη) and as an art (τέχνη). διαγιγνώσκω is here used almost in the technical sense of making a medical diagnosis (cp. Hippocr. de nat. hom. 9 τὴν διάγνωσιν... ποιέεσθαι): possibly earlier “Asclepiads” than Hippocrates may have earmarked διάγνωσις as a medical term. Cf. the distinction between κατὰ γνώμην and κατὰ χειρουργίην in Hippocr. de morbis I. 6.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide References (2 total)
  • Commentary references from this page (2):
    • Plato, Philebus, 32a
    • Plato, Timaeus, 82a
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: